An Urgent Need

Millions of children throughout the world live under conditions of serious deprivation or danger.  Children who experience violence or are exploited, abandoned, abused, or severely neglected (in or out of families), face significant threats to their survival and well-being as well as profound life cycle risks that have an impact on human, social, and economic development.  Children in the most dire straits include those without protective family care or living in abusive households, on the streets or in institutions, trafficked, participating in armed groups, and/or exploited for their labor. Many more live within fragile families and face a multitude of risks posed by extreme poverty, disease, disability, conflict, and disaster. 

Children in Adversity: A Global Profile

PL10995 Indicators for population, poverty, and objectives 1,2 and 3
Indicators Year Percent2 Number Geographic Coverage Info*

Population

Population children (aged 0-4)1 2010 9.3% 644,517,000 Global 1a
Population children (aged 0-17) 2010 31.9% 2,212,511,000 Global 1b
Population children (aged 0-4) 2010 10.1% 576,065,000 Developing countries 1c
Population children (aged 0-17) 2010 34.5% 1,966,201,000 Developing countries 1d

Poverty

Children living in extreme poverty (less than $1.25 per day) (aged 0-14) 2010 28.9% 568,700,000 Developing countries 2
Children living in ultra poverty (less than $0.50 per day) (aged 0-14) 2010 3.0% 59,811,665 Developing countries 3

Objective 1: Build strong beginnings

Children who are developmentally delayed (aged 3-4) NA NA NA Global 4
Children who are not fulfilling their developmental potential (aged 0-4) 2004 39.0% 218,700,000 Developing countries 5
Children whose births are not registered (aged 0-4) 2005-2013 28.0% 158,387,600 Global, excluding China 6
Children who are stunted (aged 0-4) 2009-2013 25.0% 161,129,250 Global 7
Children who are underweight according to WHO reference pop. (aged 0-4) 2009-2013 15.0% 96,677,550 Global 8
Children who are wasted (aged 0-4) 2009-2013 8.0% 51,561,360 Global 9
Children who die within the first 28 days of life 2013 2.0% 2,763,000 Global 10
Children who die before age one 2013 3.4% 4,641,000 Global 11
Children who die before age five 2013 4.6% 6,285,000 Global 12
Children who are disabled (aged 0-17) 2002-2004 15.5% 342,939,205 Global  13
Children with blood lead levels above 5 µg/dl (aged 0-4) 2004 48.8% 242,035,312 Developing countries 14a
Children with blood lead levels above 10 µg/dl (aged 0-4) 2004 16.0% 79,355,840 Developing countries 14b
Adolescents living with HIV - female (aged 10-19) 2014 0.20% 1,100,000 Global 15a
Adolescents living with HIV - male (aged 10-19) 2014 0.16% 920,000 Global 15b
Early sexual debut - female (aged 15-19) 2009-2014 9.0% 18,587,250 Dev. countries, excl China 16a
Early sexual debut - male (aged 15-19) 2009-2014 7.0% 15,194,270 Dev. countries, excl China 16b
Children living with HIV (aged 0-14) 2014 0.1% 2,600,000 Global 17

Objective 2: Put family care first

Children not living with either parent NA NA NA NA 18
Children in institutional care (aged 0-17) 2003-2006 0.3% 2,000,000 Global, excluding West and Central Africa and South Asia 19
Children with street connections (aged 0-17) NA NA NA NA 20
Children left in inadequate care (aged 0-4) 2005-2013 43.0% 33,125,910 West and Central Africa 21
Fatal drowning- female (aged 0-14) 2012 0.01% 52,161 Global 22a
Fatal drowning- male (aged 0-14) 2012 0.01% 88,058 Global 22b
Children who have lost one or both parents due to all causes (aged 0-17) 2014 6.3% 140,000,000 Global 23
Children who have lost one or both parents due to AIDS (aged 0-17) 2014 0.6% 13,300,000 Global 24
Children uprooted due to conflict or natural disaster (aged 0-17) [summary of indicators 21, 22, and 23] 2014 1.6% 35,615,136 Global 25
Refugee children (aged 0-17) 2014 0.4% 9,140,941 Global 26
Internally displaced children (as a result of conflict or persecution) (aged 0-17) 2014 0.9% 19,482,000 Global 27
Child victims of natural disaster (aged 0-17) 2013 1.4% 30,810,358 Global 28
Internally displaced children (as a result of natural disaster) (aged 0-17) 2013 0.3% 6,992,195 Global 29
Children who lack adequate shelter (aged 0-17) 2005 32.6% 640,000,000 Developing countries 30
Children out of school (primary aged) 2013 9.0% 59,256,395 Global 31
Adolescents out of school (lower secondary aged) 2013 17.3% 64,852,382 Global 32

Objective 3: Protect children from violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect

Children who have experienced violent discipline at home (aged 2-14) 2005-2013 80.0% 1,129,164,800 Developing countries 33
Children who have experienced psychological aggression at home (aged 2-14) 2005-2013 70.0% 988,019,200 Developing countries 34
Children who have experienced physical punishment at home (aged 2-14) 2005-2013 60.0% 846,873,600  Developing countries 35
Children who have experienced severe physical punishment at home (aged 2-14) 2005-2013 17.0% 239,947,520 Developing countries 36
Girls who have experienced sexual abuse (aged 0-17) 1980-2008 18.0% 170,864,100 Global 37a
Boys who have experienced sexual abuse (aged 0-17) 1980-2008 7.6% 77,288,656 Global 37b
Child marriage: Women aged 20-24 who were married or in union before age 18  2005-2013 27.0% 64,255,680 Global, excluding China 38
Adolescent births: Women aged 20-24 who gave birth before age 18 2009-2013 20.0% 47,596,800 Global, excluding China 39
Child laborers (aged 5-17) 2012 10.6% 167,956,000 Global 40
Child laborers engaged in domestic work (aged 5-17) 2012 0.7% 11,528,000 Global 41
Children in hazardous work (aged 5-17) 2012 5.4% 85,344,000 Global 42
Children in forced labor (aged 0-17) 2002-2011 0.25% 5,500,000 Global 43
Children in imposed labor through state military, rebel armed groups, or poor prison conditions (aged 0-17) 2002-2011 0.03% 709,000 Global 44
Children in forced sexual exploitation (0-17) 2002-2011 0.04% 960,000 Global 45
Children in other illicit activities (production and trafficking of drugs, organized crime, and organized begging) (aged 5-17) 2000 0.04% 600,000 Global 46

NA -- Valid sources of data were not available.

1 Aged 0-4 includes all children from newborns until the end of their 4th year (i.e. aged 0-59 months).

2 The percent given represents the percentage of the child population affected within the specific age group, gender, and geographic coverage given for the indicator (with the exception of indicators 1a-1d, for which the percentage given is the percentage of the global or developing country population that is in the 0-4 or 0-17 age group).

* Please see the online annex [PDF, 399KB] for further detail on calculations, sources, indicator definitions, and trends.

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