Objective 3: Protecting Children from Violence, Exploitation, Abuse, and Neglect

Interventions are supported and implemented by families, community groups, governments, and traditional leaders, as well as teachers, social workers, and non-governmental organizations. Faith-based groups, multilateral organizations, donors, and even the children themselves also implement and support interventions. There are strong relationships between levels of violence and exploitation and modifiable conditions, including:

  • Developing safe, stable, and nurturing relationships between children and both male and female parents and caregivers
  • Strengthening the economic status of households and involving both female and male caregivers
  • Increasing equitable access to essential services
  • Reducing access to and use of alcohol, illegal drugs, and weapons
  • Developing life skills in children and youth and facilitating second chance opportunities that build resilience and leverage assets
  • Promoting gender equality to prevent violence against girls and women
  • Changing cultural norms and social attitudes that promote violence, especially by integrating violence prevention efforts into a broad range of sector programs
  • Supporting care and support programs for survivors and initiatives to reverse under-reporting of violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect
  • Reducing the stigma and discrimination faced by children with disabilities

To support these outcomes, relevant U.S. Government departments and agencies have committed to taking certain actions, which are listed below:

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  • Outcome 3:1

    The percentage of children who experience violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect is reduced.

    Improve the capacity of governments, civil society, international organizations, communities, and families to prevent and respond to violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect of children at scale.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)                 
    • Activity: DOL grantees provide technical assistance to local stakeholders (e.g., governments, civil society, employers organizations) and conduct research to increase national capacity to address child labor. 
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor. This is an outcome indicator.  Countries are counted here only when a substantive effort is accomplished, and not when it is in progress but not yet complete.  Grantees report actual accomplishments in increasing country capacity to DOL semiannually. The measurement of this indicator is at the local, regional, national, or sectoral level within a country and aims to measure the increased capacity of a country to combat child labor and forced labor.  For the purposes of reporting increased country capacity, such efforts will include: 1) adaptation of legal framework to meet international labor standards;  2)  formulation of policies, plans, or programs to combat child labor or forced labor; 3) inclusion of child labor or forced labor in relevant development, education, anti-poverty, and other social policies and programs;  4)                  establishment of a child labor monitoring system;  5) institutionalization of child labor and forced labor research (including evaluation and data collection); and  6)  institutionalization of child labor or forced labor training within government agencies.
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually                 
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.


    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Establish/strengthen local level child protection committees. Study on community led child protection response. Pre & in service training in child protection and welfare for NGO and government staff & volunteers. Establish “safe spaces” for adolescent girls involved in domestic & other exploitative labor.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the establishment of systems for monitoring trends in violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect (VACs)                  .
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)
    • Activity: Support ongoing UNHCR, ICRC, and UNRWA efforts to prevent and respond to the protection needs of refugee children and other populations of concern through their programming.                 
    • Country Focus: N/A
    • Outcome/Indicator: An outcome or impact indicator cannot be provided.                 
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A


    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Strengthen community-based and government services to prevent child separation and reintegrate separated children.                 
    • Country Focus: DRC
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of children removed from dangerous environments (on the street, engaged in mining or other hazardous labor, illegally detained, or sexually exploited).                 
    • Time Frame: 2012-2017.
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.


    • Department/Office: CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Division of Violence Prevention
    • Activity: Assist country-led Multi-Sector Task Force in conducting national household survey on violence against children, and linking data to evidence-informed responses.
    • Country Focus: PEPFAR Prioritized Countries: Malawi, Haiti.  Uganda, Nigeria, Botswana, Rwanda, Zambia (under consideration) Other Countries: Cambodia, Indonesia.  Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Guatemala (under consideration).
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with a National Action Plan to Stop Violence Against Children based on nationally representative data.
    • Time Frame: 2013-2015.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR prioritized countries. CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final.  Specific funding levels are not yet known. Budget for other countries CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final.  Specific funding levels are not yet known.
  • Mainstream and integrate gender-based violence and response activities into sector work.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees currently include the project’s target regions, anticipated sectors, and number of beneficiaries, including the number of children engaged in or at high-risk of entering child labor, number of youth provided with employment services, and the number of households of target children provided with livelihood services.  Grantees discuss gender issues where relevant. In future solicitations for cooperative agreements, DOL will ask applicants to mainstream gender activities where it is relevant to include in the project.
    • Country Focus: N/A
    • Outcome/Indicator: N/A
    • Time Frame: FY 2014.
    • Budget: Will not be able to provide amount until FY 2014.
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Build the capacity of healthcare and other service providers to prevent, identify, and respond to GBV. Establish country level Post Rape Care (PRC) guidelines and protocols
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)                 
    • Activity: Mainstream gender-based violence prevention and response activities into multi-sectoral programming supported by PRM.                 
    • Country Focus: N/A                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Percentage of other IO and NGO programs funded by PRM that include GBV components.                 
    • Time Frame: Annual.
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: United States Government
    • Activity: Development and implementation of  the first ever U.S. Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender-based Violence Globally, released in August 2012 along with a Presidential Executive Order (EO 13623) directing its implementation.
    • Country Focus: Global 
    • Outcome/Indicator: The Strategy outlines a comprehensive, multi-sector approach to prevent and respond to gender-based violence through four main objectives: 1) Increased coordination of gender-based violence prevention and response efforts among United States Government agencies and with other stakeholders; 2) Enhanced integration of gender-based violence prevention and response efforts into existing United States Government work; 3) Improved collection, analysis, and use of data and research to enhance gender-based violence prevention and response efforts; and 4) Enhanced or expanded United States Government programming that addresses gender-based violence. The Strategy and Executive Order requires the establishment of benchmarks to demonstrate implementation of the strategy and a timetable for periodically reviewing the benchmarks.                 
    • Time Frame: Recognizing that this is a long-term commitment, the Order directs the interagency working group to update or revise the Strategy after three years. The time period for reporting on the benchmarks is the fiscal year in order to align reporting with preexisting systems.
    • Budget: No budget allocation.
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Incorporate measures to prevent and respond to gender-based violence, and mitigate other protection risks, within humanitarian assistance programs.
    • Country Focus: All countries where OFDA programs are implemented.
    • Outcome/Indicator: All OFDA-funded programs take appropriate measures to identify and mitigate risk of GBV within humanitarian assistance.                  
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: CDC, Center for Global Health/ERRB
    • Activity: Evaluate handheld solar lights as a protection against GBV among women and girls in Haiti.
    • Country Focus: Haiti.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Females’ feelings of safety and security.
    • Time Frame: 2013-14.
    • Budget: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. 
    • Department/Office: CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Division of Violence Prevention                 
    • Activity: Assist country-led Multi-Sector Task Force in conducting national household survey on violence against children, and using data to integrate gender-based violence prevention  and response activities across sectors.
    • Country Focus: PEPFAR Prioritized Countries: Malawi, Haiti. Uganda, Nigeria, Botswana, Rwanda, Zambia (under consideration). Other Countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Guatemala (under consideration).
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries that include gender-specific response activities in National Action Plans to Stop Violence Against Children.
    • Time Frame: 2013-2015.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR prioritized countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final.  Specific funding levels are not yet known. Budget for other countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final.  Specific funding levels are not yet known.

  • Support interventions to prevent and respond to violence, exploitation, abuse, trafficking, and neglect of children in disaster and conflict situations.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP)
    • Activity: Support NGOs and IOs to provide child protection interventions for child victims of trafficking in disaster and conflict situations. Interventions include education, shelter, mental health, legal, reintegration, and medical services. Reporting for the Action Plan will be for projects exclusively serving children.
    • Country Focus: Global, Countries vary year to year.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Indicators for protection services are project specific and focus largely on outputs, such as number of beneficiaries who receive specific protection services. Output indicator: Number of beneficiaries who are receiving child protection services in number of countries. Outcome indicator: sustainability efforts in protection services.
    • Time Frame: Annual.
    • Budget: Current grant funding includes projects addressing children in disaster and conflict are funded through 2014. J/TIP is planning the obligation of FY2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)
    • Activity: Support ongoing UNHCR, ICRC, and UNRWA efforts to meet the protection needs of refugee children and other populations of concern through organizational policies and programming.                 
    • Country Focus: N/A
    • Outcome/Indicator: An outcome or impact indicator cannot be provided.
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)                 
    • Activity: Support child protection interventions through NGO partners.
    • Country Focus: N/A
    • Outcome/Indicator: An outcome or impact indicator cannot be provided.
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A        
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support programs to prevent and respond to violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect of children in humanitarian programs.                 
    • Country Focus: Due to the contingency nature of OFDA programs, OFDA cannot commit to specific countries.
    • Outcome/Indicator: An outcome of impact indicator cannot be provided as partners use custom indicators to measure the outcomes and impacts of their programs. Number of child protection programs funded. (Based on awards approved and partner reports).
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Due to the contingency nature of OFDA programs, OFDA cannot commit to a specific funding amount.
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support the roll-out of the Minimum standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action.
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Increased capacity of child protection and other humanitarian actors to implement programs in line with the Minimum Standards, as measured through action/monitoring plans in priority countries; training materials produced; partner program reports.
    • Time Frame: February 2013-February 2014.
    • Budget:  FY 2013 $305,336  (Previously stated in Obj. 2.1)
  • Support programs to ensure that children are not re-victimized after escaping or being removed from violent, exploitive, abusive, and neglectful situations.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: DOL grantees implementing child labor elimination projects provide various types of education services to children already in child labor or at risk of entering child labor.  DOL also collects data disaggregating type of service received by these children (formal education, non-formal education, and vocational education).                 
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of children engaged in or at high risk of entering child labor provided education or vocational training. This is an output indicator used to track service delivery; projects have direct beneficiary monitoring systems to track individuals receiving services, type of service, and report this data semiannually to DOL.
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.


    • Department/Office: Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP)
    • Activity: Support NGOs and IOs to provide child protection interventions for child victims of trafficking. Interventions include education, shelter, mental health, legal, reintegration, and medical services. Many J/TIP projects serve children but not exclusively children; reporting for the Action Plan will be for projects exclusively serving children.
    • Country Focus: Global, Countries vary year to year.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Indicators for protection services are project specific and focus largely on outputs, such as number of beneficiaries who receive specific protection services. Output indicator: 1) Number of beneficiaries who are receiving child protection services in number of countries; and 2) outcome indicator: sustainability efforts in protection services, such as contributing to victim assistance protocols.
    • Time Frame: Annual.
    • Budget: Current grant funding includes projects through 2015.  J/TIP is planning the obligation of FY2013 funds. 
  • Advocate for UN peacekeeping missions to have strong mandates related to child protection and gender issues, and provide diplomatic support for such initiatives through the UN General Assembly Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations and budget committees.

    • Department/Office: N/A
    • Activity: N/A
    • Country Focus: N/A
    • Outcome/Indicator: N/A
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A
  • Require humanitarian partners to adopt and operationalize codes of conduct that are consistent with the Inter-Agency standing Committee’s six core principles for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse; train relevant U.S. government staff on the principles; encourage U.S. Government humanitarian and development assistance partners to adopt policies based on or similar to the U.S. Government principles. Implement the USAID Counter-Trafficking Code of Conduct and Standard Operating procedure to prevent and respond to contractor and recipient trafficking abuses.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)                 
    • Activity: DOL currently includes language from relevant OMB circulars in cooperative agreements prohibiting prostitution and trafficking of adults and children.
    • Country Focus:
    • Outcome/Indicator: Signed cooperative agreements.
    • Time Frame: Annually.
    • Budget:                 
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the adoption of USG Child Safeguarding Principles. Support adoption of USAID Child Safeguarding Policy.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)                 
    • Activity: Train PRM staff members on the IASC six core principles for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse.
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of PRM staff members who receive PSEA training.
    • Time Frame: Annual.
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)
    • Activity: Require NGOs applying for PRM funding to submit codes of conduct consistent with the IASC six core principles in their application package.               
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: All PRM partners must provide a copy of their IASC-compliant code of conduct for PSEA.
    • Time Frame: Annual.
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Require humanitarian partners to adopt and operationalize codes of conduct that are consistent with the IASC’s six core principles for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse.                 
    • Country Focus: All countries where OFDA programs are implemented.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: All OFDA partners must provide a copy of their IASC-compliant code of conduct for PSEA, and information on how the code is implemented in the country of operations. Proposal submissions/clearances are provided by OFDA Protection Advisors.                 
    • Time Frame: October 2012 onwards.
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Train humanitarian program staff on prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse, as well as other protection measures.
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of OFDA staff trained in protection, including PSEA.  
    • Time Frame: October 2012 onwards.
    • Budget: N/A

  • Develop U.S. Government safeguarding principles for preventing and responding to child abuse, exploitation (including trafficking), and neglect by U.S. Government staff and adopt policies and provide training based on the principles; encourage U.S. Government humanitarian and development assistance partners to adopt policies based on or similar to the U.S. Government principles. Implement the USAID Counter-Trafficking Code of Conduct and Standard Operating Procedure to prevent and respond to contractor and recipient trafficking abuses.

    • Department/Office: USDA
    • Activity: USDA is working with other USG Interagency Partners to develop agency-specific safeguarding principles. Once developed, USDA will work with staff to establish principles and provide to implementing partners.                 
    • Country Focus: Global. The principles, once established, will apply to all new USDA program grants.
    • Outcome/Indicator: USDA will develop an attachment clause to be inserted into all grants and agreed to by all implementing partners. 
    • Time Frame: Beginning in FY 2014.
    • Budget: N/A

  • Support the use of technology to improve child protection in development settings (e.g., mobile technologies to trigger urgent protection actions, record incident data, and assist with birth registration, family tracing and reunification efforts, and other critical protection measures).

    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the establishment and management of child abuse hotlines. Support the use of mobile-phone based referral systems. Support the use of mobile-phone based information systems (including for pregnant and new moms)                  .
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support technical innovations to improve child protection in humanitarian settings. Explore the use of mobile technology to input information into Child Protection Information Management System to improve response to separated and other vulnerable children.                 
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator:                 
    • Time Frame: 2012-2014.
    • Budget: FY 2012 $1,000,000; FY 2013 $535,000.

  • Outcome 3:2

    The percentage of children who receive appropriate care and protection after experiencing violence, exploitation, abuse, or neglect is increased.

    Support programs to provide care and protection to survivors of violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect and prevent revictimization.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: DOL grantees implementing child labor elimination projects provide various types of education services to children already in child labor or at risk of entering child labor.  DOL also collects data disaggregating type of service received by these children (formal education, non-formal education, and vocational education).                 
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of children engaged in or at high risk of entering child labor provided education or vocational training. This is an output indicator used to track service delivery; projects have direct beneficiary monitoring systems to track individuals receiving services, type of service, and report this data semiannually to DOL.                 
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually.
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the implementation of Resources for the Clinical Management of Children and Adolescents Who Have Experienced Sexual Violence
    • Support clinical psychosocial care and legal assistance for children who experience violence.                 
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)
    • Activity: Support child protection interventions through NGO partners.
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: An outcome or impact indicator cannot be provided.
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A

  • Support initiatives to reverse host government under-reporting of violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees support the implementation of child labor surveys in a multitude of countries. This improves knowledge of child labor abuses.
    • Country Focus: DOL has projects providing these supporting these activities in various countries around the world.                  
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor. This reflects each instance where a grantee institutionalizes child labor research/data collection on child labor.                 
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually.
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: CDC, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP), Division of Adolescent and School Health
    • Activity: Support the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) to monitors 10 categories of health risk behaviors and protective factors among school-based samples of 13-15 year olds (with WHO).
    • Country Focus: Mauritania, Jamaica, Syria, Palestine & UNWRA sites, Mongolio, Fiji, Tonga, Angola, Peru, Kuwait, multiple other countries.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Health risk behaviors in these areas: alcohol use, dietary behaviors, drug use, hygiene, mental health, physical activity, sexual behaviors, tobacco use, violence and unintentional injuries.
    • Time Frame: Began in 2003 and ongoing.
    • Budget: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known.
    • Department/Office: CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Division of Violence Prevention                 
    • Activity: Provide technical assistance for collecting national measures of the prevalence of violence, exploitation, and abuse, and service utilization through national household surveys of violence against children.                  
    • Country Focus: PEPFAR Prioritized Countries: Malawi, Haiti. Uganda, Nigeria, Botswana, Rwanda, Zambia (under consideration). Other Countries: Cambodia, Indonesia. Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Guatemala (under consideration).
    • Outcome/Indicator: Improved surveillance data on VAC/National VAC plan/Plan publication/VACS data.
    • Time Frame: 2013-2015.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR prioritized countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. Budget for other countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. 
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the establishment of systems for monitoring trends in violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect (VACs)                  .
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

  • Outcome 3:3

    The percentage of target population that views violence, exploitation, abuse, or neglect of children as less acceptable after participating in or being exposed to U.S. Government programming is increased.

    Support programs that promote behavior change and positively inform cultural and social norms to reduce violence against and exploitation and abuse of children.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: DOL supports awareness raising efforts as part of many of its technical projects. DOL may fund an impact evaluation under these activities.
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Changes in norms are measured at the project level.  DOL does not have a measure the cuts across projects.
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A  
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Engage community members and youth in the development and implementation of community-based child rights and protection campaigns. Work with media outlets to develop and disseminate information about child protection risks and resources. Support the implementation of sessions on child rights and protection and appropriate discipline during parent/caregiver education and support groups.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective. 
    • Department/Office:  USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Developing alternatives to institutionalization (foster families, domestic adoption, group homes). By improving training for social service providers (create favorable family environment)
    • Country Focus: Burundi
    • Outcome/Indicator: Percentage of parents using positive disciplining practices
    • Time Frame: 2012-2014
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.
    • Department/Office: USAID/GH/PRH
    • Activity: The Global Health Bureau is supporting a 3-country study in sub-Saharan Africa to assess the effect of community-based interventions in delaying child marriage among girls aged 12-17 years. This research is being conducted in areas with high-prevalence of child marriage (Tabora, Tanzania, Amhara Ethiopia, and Cascades, Burkina Faso).
    • Country Focus: Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Burkina Faso.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Outcome 5.1: The number of prevalence studies that measure and track trends in children’s exposure to violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect is increased. Indicator: Reduction in child marriage among girls in communities randomized to 1 of 5 different combinations of interventions. Method Used: Quasi-experimental cross-sectional study. 5 communities randomized to 3 interventions, with 1 community receiving all 3 interventions and 1 community receiving none. Data is collected at baseline, throughout implementation to monitor program progress, and after interventions are complete to assess impact on preventing child marriage.                 
    • Time Frame: 2010-2015.
    • Budget: 5 million.
    • Department/Office: USAID/GH/PRH
    • Activity: The Global Health Bureau is supporting research to evaluate the effect of a government-run conditional cash transfer (CCT) program in Haryana, India to prevent child marriage among girls. In 1994, the government provided a bond redeemable for cash among families if their girls remained unmarried at the age of 18. As the girls enrolled in the program are now turning 18, research will assess whether the program was effective in delaying child marriage. In addition, a process evaluation will provide information on factors that facilitated or impeded program implementation.                  
    • Country Focus: India.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Outcome 5.1: The number of prevalence studies that measure and track trends in children’s exposure to violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect is increased. Indicator: Reduction in child marriage among girls enrolled in the CCT program compared to girls who were not enrolled. Method Used: Comparative cross-sectional study. Formative data was collected in 2010 to list households. Girls were interviewed at ages 14-15 for data on formation of gender norms and aspirations. Endline data will assess the impact of program participating in preventing child marriage.                 
    • Time Frame: 2010-2015.
    • Budget: $3.5 million.
    • Department/Office: National Center for Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD) (In Collaboration with CARE, Save the Children, and USAID)
    • Activity: Develop and implement the Essential Package (EP) - a comprehensive and integrated framework to support developmental, health, nutrition, protection and livelihoods of young vulnerable children and their caregivers. Prenatal to age 8.
    • Country Focus: Currently: Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. Being adapted for India, Honduras and El Salvador.
    • Outcome/Indicator: # of programs trained in child rights and protection.
    • Time Frame: Roll out on-going.
    • Budget: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final.  Specific funding levels are not yet known.

  • Engage men, youth, and boys as allies in interventions to prevent violence against an exploitation and abuse of children.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: DOL supports awareness-raising among boys as part of many of its technical assistance projects.                 
    • Country Focus: DOL has projects providing these services in various countries around the world.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Changes in norms are measured at the project specific level. DOL does not have a measure the cuts across projects.
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the implementation of sessions on child rights and protection and appropriate discipline during parent/caregiver education and support groups (including groups involving fathers and other male caregivers). Support skills-based training for boys in school and out of school to protect them against abuse and engage them as agents of change in protection activities.                 
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID
    • Activity: USAID released its Youth in Development Policy in the fall of 2012 and is now moving forward with policy implementation.  This will include strengthening youth programs, working to integrate youth into Agency initiatives, policies and processes, and elevating attention to youth generally, both within and outside the Agency.  USAID will also be launching new youth-focused programs and communities of practice that are likely to be relevant to this Action Area.  One such program is the cross-sectoral YouthPower program which aims to strengthen youth programs and systems to achieve sustainable positive youth outcomes in health, education, and political and economic empowerment, and to increase youth engagement in development efforts. This program will include a focus on assisting Missions in implementing youth programs as well as focus on evaluation and learning.  This and other USAID youth programs and communities of practice (i.e., USAID’s Youth and Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance Community of Practice) will allow space for critical work related to children in adversity.            
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: The primary objectives of USAID’s new Youth in Development Policy are to: 1) Strengthen youth programming, participation and partnership in support of Agency development objectives; and, 2) Mainstream and integrate youth issues and engage young people across Agency initiatives and operations.
    • Time Frame: 2014-2018 (YouthPower).
    • Budget: YouthPower anticipated ceiling of $375,000,000 in central and field funds.
    • Department/Office: USDA, McGovern-Dole Program
    • Activity: USDA supports awareness-raising, child protection and safety education for students, teachers, parents, and other members of the community as part of many of its technical assistance projects.                 
    • Country Focus: USDA Afghanistan, Bangladesh, DRC, Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda. USDA is currently reviewing the number of projects where this is occurring.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Changes in norms are measured at the project specific level.  USDA does not have a measure that cuts across projects.
    • Time Frame: Reports are provided biannually covering the periods: October 1 – March 31 and April 1 – September 30. The average McGovern-Dole grant is for a three-year period.
    • Budget: The average annual budget for the McGovern-Dole Program is $180 million. Grants provided under the McGovern‐Dole Program normally range from $9‐$30 million. 
  • Elevate girls and women as leaders and agents of change in programming and policies to prevent and respond to violence against and exploitation and abuse of children.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: DOL supports awareness raising and leadership activities among girls as part of many of its technical projects.
    • Country Focus: DOL is currently reviewing the number of projects where this is occurring.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Changes in norms are measured at the project specific level. DOL does not have a measure the cuts across projects.                 
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support skills-based training for girls in school and out of school to protect them against abuse and engage them as agents of change in protection activities.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.
    • Department/Office: USDA, McGovern-Dole Program
    • Activity: USDA supports initiatives that prevent violence and abuse and promote leadership with a focus on girls and women in target schools and communities.
    • Country Focus: USDA is currently reviewing the number of projects where this is occurring.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Changes in norms are measured at the project specific level.  USDA does not have a measure that cuts across projects.
    • Time Frame: Reports are provided biannually covering the periods: October 1 – March 31 and April 1 – September 30. The average McGovern-Dole grant is for a three-year period.                 
    • Budget: The average annual budget for the McGovern-Dole Program is $180 million. Grants provided under the McGovern‐Dole Program normally range from $9‐$30 million. 

  • Outcome 3:4

    The percentage of countries that partner under and implement relevant conventions or formally adopt internationally recognized principles, standards, and procedural safeguards to protect children from violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect is increased.

    In coordination with the Hague Permanent Bureau, encourage countries to join the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Intercountry Adoption to further ethical and transparent intercountry adoptions.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate of Overseas Citizen Services, Office of Children’s issues (CA/OCS/CI)
    • Activity: CA/OCS/CI, which handles the day-to-day functions of the U.S. Central Authority under the Hague Adoption Convention (Convention), will: (1) advocate in related meetings between Department officials and appropriate foreign government counterparts for countries to join the Convention after they have implemented Convention safeguards in their child welfare systems; (2) arrange high-level, diplomatic engagements abroad for the Special Advisor for Children’s Issues and other senior Department officials in order to promote implementation of Convention safeguards; (3) communicate regularly and coordinate efforts with other large intercountry adoption receiving countries and with the Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference on Private International Law to encourage countries to implement the Convention before joining it; (4) support the provision to foreign countries of coordinated technical guidance on the Convention and intercountry adoption, as appropriate; (5) provide applicable guidance, training, and resources related to the Convention and intercountry adoptions to appropriate personnel within U.S. embassies and consulates around the world; and (6) utilize outreach events to highlight the Convention and its protections.
    • Country Focus: For Calendar Year (CY) 2013:  Haiti, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Rwanda, and Ukraine. For CY 2014—2017: TBD.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries for which the Convention has entered into force.
    • Time Frame: Calendar Year.
    • Budget: N/A
  • Help governments, civil society partners, and the private sector apply the requirements of ILO standards, including the Declaration of Fundamental principles and Rights at Work, Convention No. 138 on the Minimum Age for Work, Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child labor, Convention No. 29 on Forced Labor, Convention No. 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers, and the recommendation on National Floors of Social Protection.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees provide technical/legal assistance and perform advocacy efforts to adopt improved legal frameworks that meet international labor standards on child labor and forced labor.  Many countries, as a result, adopt new child labor laws or develop hazardous work lists as per ILO Convention 182/Recommendation 190, for example.
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor.  This reflects each instance where a grantee’s efforts support the adaptation of a new law or improved legal framework.                 
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually                 
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.

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