Objective 4: Strengthen Child Welfare and Protection Systems

Strong child welfare and protection systems are as important to the success of U.S. development programs as are strong health systems. In many countries, child welfare and protection systems are neglected, understaffed, and under-resourced. The human resource constraint is critical.1 Even in disaster settings, opportunities exist to build and strengthen these systems.

To support these outcomes, relevant U.S. Government departments and agencies have committed to taking certain actions, which are listed below:

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  • Outcome 4.1

    The percentage of children who have legal documentation and birth registration is increased.

    Support the development and strengthening of civil registration systems.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)                 
    • Activity: Support UNHCR efforts to promote birth registration among UNHCR beneficiary populations of concern.                 
    • Country Focus: N/A                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Percentage of children under 12 months old who have been issues birth certificates by the authorities in 48 refugee situations.
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A

  • Support the development of national systems for identifying, enumerating, and documenting children outside of family care, including approaches that can be used rapidly in emergencies.

    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support healthcare and other service providers to identify children outside of family care and refer to appropriate services. Support community-based identification of children outside of family-care and refer to appropriate services.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support efforts to identify children living outside of family care in humanitarian settings.
    • Country Focus: Due to the contingency nature of OFDA programs, OFDA cannot commit to specific countries.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of programs addressing children outside of family care in emergencies.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Due to the contingency nature of OFDA programs, OFDA cannot commit to specific countries.        
    • Department/Office: USAID, Center of Excellence on Children in Adversity (CECA)
    • Activity: Develop, with partners, a global methodology to identify and enumerate ‘Children Outside of Family Care’ (COFC) that is nationally representative and comparable across countries and time.                 
    • Country Focus: Pilot in two countries.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Draft survey methodology is developed. Draft methodology is tested in two countries. Final methodology is created.
    • Time Frame: TBD.
    • Budget: No funds have been allocated.
  • Outcome 4.2

    The number of laws, policies, and practices in partner states that promote and strengthen child welfare and protection at household, community, and national levels is increased.

    Encourage and assist nations to develop an integrated set of laws, policies, and interventions that improve child welfare and protection.

    • Department/Office:  USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA),  Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Child protection system strengthening - deinstitutionalization, capacity building of social workers and magistrates.
    • Country Focus: Armenia, Moldova
    • Outcome/Indicator: legislation aligned with international standards
    • Time Frame: 2012-2014
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.
    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees provide assistance and conduct advocacy to support governments’ development of laws, policies, and programs that address child labor.
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor.  This reflects each instance where a grantee supports the development (and adaptation) or new laws, policies, or programs.
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually.
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the development of National Action Plans for Orphans and Vulnerable Children in coordination with government, civil society, FBO and NGO partners. Support national child protection legislation.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office:
    • Activity: Human Rights Reports: Beginning in 2012, the newly revised instructions for the human rights reports include requirements for all posts to report on the minimum age of marriage and the rate of marriage under the age of 18; all countries where the ratio of boy-to-girl births exceeds 106 males per 100 females to be reported as gender-biased sex selection; and a requirement to note the type and category of female genital mutilation/cutting practiced (where applicable). Child marriage: Raise this issue bilaterally with individual governments as appropriate. Policy Dialogues: Convene and assist with national and regional policy dialogues around the world on issues related to the advancement of women and girls. 
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Annual Human Rights Reports. Bilateral and Multilateral Diplomatic Engagement. Stakeholder Engagement. Policy Dialogues.
    • Time Frame:
    • Budget:
    • Department/Office: USDA, McGovern-Dole Program
    • Activity: Promote the development of education, child health and nutrition policies, regulations and/or administrative procedures.                 
    • Country Focus: Currently active McGovern-Dole Program (list updated on October 1 of each year): Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of educational, child health and nutrition policies, regulations, and/or administrative procedures under development as a result of USDA assistance. This indicator tracks the policy, regulation, or administrative procedure.  Multiple project participants working in the same country or region (with regard to regional policies) may report the same policy, regulation, or administrative procedure as long as the program participant participated in the process and provided assistance to the development, drafting, formation of the law or policy.
    • Time Frame: Reports are provided biannually covering the period: October 1 –September 30.                 
    • Budget: The average annual budget for the McGovern-Dole Program is $180 million. Grants provided under the McGovern‐Dole Program normally range from $9‐$30 million. 
  • Build the capacities of legislative, judicial, and law enforcement actors to develop, implement, and enforce laws that promote child welfare and protection, and of civil society to advocate for and support the development of such laws.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Some grantees provide assistance to institutionalize training for labor inspectors, law enforcement and judicial actors on child labor, legal frameworks protecting children, forced labor, etc.                  
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor. Each instance where a grantee institutionalizes such training on child labor or forced labor to government officials is counted here.                 
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually.
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support Coordinating Bodies to plan and implement National Action Plans for Orphans and Vulnerable Children. Support organizational development activities and Quality Improvement within government and non-governmental organizations involved in child welfare and protection.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Child protection systems strengthening, deinstitutionalization, capacity building of social workers and magistrates.
    • Country Focus: Armenia, DRC, Sri Lanka
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of district courts with judges and judicial staff specializing in child protection issues. Number of children released from illegal detention.
    • Time Frame: 2012-2017.
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.
  • Strengthen the capacity of national poverty alleviation programs to prevent family-child separation, support family reunification and reintegration, and promote permanent and protective family care.

    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support host-country governments to initiate, expand, or be innovative in their social protection initiatives at both the policy and operational levels.                 
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

  • In coordination with Convention partner countries, advocate for intercountry adoption within the framework of the Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption by working with countries not yet party to the Convention to encourage them to bring their national systems up to Convention standards, as well as encouraging Convention partners to improve their practices to meet their obligations under the Convention.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, Directorate of Overseas Citizen Services, Office of Children’s issues (CA/OCS/CI)
    • Activity: CA/OCS/CI will: (1) advocate for Hague Adoption Convention (Convention) standards and improved intercountry adoption practices in related meetings between Department officials and appropriate foreign government counterparts; (2) arrange high-level, diplomatic engagements abroad for the Special Advisor for Children’s Issues and other senior Department officials to promote intercountry adoptions within the framework of the Convention and encourage countries to fully meet Convention obligations; (3) communicate regularly and coordinate efforts with other intercountry adoption receiving countries and with the Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference on Private International Law to promote intercountry adoption within the framework of the Convention; (4) support the provision to foreign countries of coordinated technical guidance on the Convention and intercountry adoptions, as appropriate; (5) provide applicable guidance, training, and resources related to the Convention and intercountry adoptions to appropriate personnel within U.S. embassies and consulates around the world; (6) utilize outreach events to highlight the Convention and its protections;  and (7) promote the implementation of a Pre-Adoption Immigration Review program in select countries/areas to incorporate some of the safeguards of the Convention process in the U.S. non-Hague adoption process.                 
    • Country Focus: For Calendar Year (CY) 2013: Cambodia, Ethiopia, Haiti, Lesotho, Kyrgyzstan, Rwanda, Taiwan, Ukraine, and Vietnam. For CY 2014—2017: TBD.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries that have systems in place that meet or approximate Convention standards. 
    • Time Frame: Calendar Year.
    • Budget: N/A
  • Outcome 4.3

    National and local human resource capacity for child welfare and protection is increased.


    Strengthen workforce planning, training and development, and support mechanisms to achieve greater density and distribution, improve capacity, and increase retention and job performance of professional, formal, and paraprofessional and informal child welfare and protection workers.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees work with project beneficiaries to link them to existing social protection services.  In some cases, projects may also help to raise awareness among social service providers about the particular needs of working children.
    • Country Focus:                  DOL has 41 projects in 61 countries around the world that either provide these services directly or build the capacity of governments and other institutions to combat child labor.
    • Outcome/Indicator: N/A
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the development and implementation of training programs. Support the development of good supervision models and tools. Strengthen systems for managing and supporting volunteers.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Child protection system strengthening, deinstitutionalization, family-child reunification, capacity building of social workers and magistrates.
    • Country Focus: Armenia, Cambodia, DRC, Liberia, Moldova, Rwanda, Sri Lanka.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of child welfare workers trained and providing services to vulnerable children and families.
    • Time Frame: 2012-2015.
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Europe and Eurasia                 
    • Activity: Create a Toolkit that will include a detailed description of the necessary components of an effective case management system for vulnerable children in the E&E region and a matrix that can be used to assess current case management systems. These tools will allow good practices and lessons learned in case management to be shared widely and used as a foundation to build more effective systems across the region.                 
    • Country Focus: Europe and Eurasia.
    • Outcome/Indicator:
    • Time Frame: 2013.
    • Budget:                                   
    • Department/Office: USDA, McGovern-Dole Program
    • Activity: Form public-private partnerships to: Improve the nutritional content of agricultural products as provided to consumers, develop improved nutritional products, increase support for nutrition service delivery, etc. Improve educational attainment through literacy programs, facilitating access to school supplies and materials, improving school infrastructure, and increased access to food.                 
    • Country Focus: Currently active McGovern-Dole Program (list updated on October 1 of each year): Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of public‐private partnerships formed as a result of USDA assistance. The assumption is that if more partnerships are formed, there is likely greater investment in education or nutrition-related activities. This in turn affects the nutrition, health, and educational status of children.                   
    • Time Frame: Reports are provided biannually covering the periods: October 1 – March 31 and April 1 – September 30. The average McGovern-Dole grant is for a three-year period.                 
    • Budget: The average annual budget for the McGovern-Dole Program is $180 million. Grants provided under the McGovern‐Dole Program normally range from $9‐$30 million.
  • Urge partners to consider the unique needs of children and adolescents in the design and delivery of humanitarian and development assistance and encourage capacity building of partners in child protection.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees provide assistance and conduct advocacy to mainstream child labor issues into countries’ development, education, anti-poverty, and other social policies and programs. 
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects providing these services in 61 countries around the world.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor. This reflects each instance where a grantee supports the mainstreaming of child labor issues into national policies or programs.
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually.
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated. DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the development of age-appropriate activities (including ECD and youth development activities), gender-specific activities (particularly activities targeting girls), and activities for children with special needs.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)
    • Activity: Support IO and NGO efforts to develop policies and guidelines to identify and support the unique needs of children in humanitarian response.
    • Country Focus: N/A
    • Outcome/Indicator: An outcome or impact indicator cannot be provided.               
    • Time Frame: N/A
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Ensure humanitarian assistance programs take appropriate measures to identify and mitigate risks for children and youth and address their needs.              
    • Country Focus: All countries where OFDA programs are implemented.
    • Outcome/Indicator:
    • Time Frame: October 2012 onwards.
    • Budget: N/A
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support the roll-out of the Minimum Standards for Child protection in Humanitarian Action.
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of OFDA-funded programs that adhere to the Minimum Standards, as measured through action/monitoring plans in priority countries, training materials produced; and partners program reports.                 
    • Time Frame: February 2013-February 2014.
    • Budget: FY 2013 $305,336 (Previously stated in Obj. 2.1)  
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support the development of standard tools and training materials for child protection case management in humanitarian settings.                 
    • Country Focus: Global.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Standard case management tools and training materials developed, pilot tested, endorsed by the interagency community and disseminated for use, as measured through project proposals, partner program reports, and tools produced.
    • Time Frame: February 2013-February 2014.
    • Budget: FY2013 $352,953.

  • Support community-based child protection and promote participation of children, youth, families, and communities in the prevention and response efforts.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees involve children, youth, families, and communities in efforts to combat child labor.                  
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects providing these services in 61 countries around the world.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of grants awarded.
    • Time Frame: Annually.
    • Budget:
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support activities to engage and equip traditional leaders and systems for protecting children. Support youth leaders to engage in formal leadership structures and implement youth-led child protection activities.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support community-based child protection programs in humanitarian settings.                 
    • Country Focus: Due to the contingency nature of funding, OFDA cannot commit to implementation in specific countries.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of community-based child protection programs supported, as measured through awards approved and partner reports.                 
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Due to the contingency nature of funding, OFDA cannot commit specific resources to these activities.

  • Outcome 4.4

    The number of national and community systems effectively monitoring child welfare and protection concerns, programs, and outcomes is increased.

    Support and provide technical assistance and training to governments and key national actors on child welfare and protection laws, treaties, policies, plans, programs, and research, including data collection and monitoring and enforcement mechanisms.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)                 
    • Activity: Grantees involve children, youth, families, and communities in efforts to combat child labor.
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects providing these services in 61 countries around the world.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of grants awarded.
    • Time Frame: Annually.
    • Budget:
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Second staff to provide on-the-job training and mentorship. Carry out Capacity and Skills Assessments. Support the development of Human Resources Information Systems.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the establishment of systems for monitoring trends in violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect (VACs).
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Child protection system strengthening, deinstitutionalization, family-child reunification, capacity building of social workers and magistrates.                 
    • Country Focus: Armenia, Cambodia, DRC, Liberia, Moldova, Rwanda, Sri Lanka.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries adopting and implementing child welfare and protection laws, treaties, policies, plans, and programs.
    • Time Frame: 2012-2015.
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.
    • Department/Office: CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Division of Violence Prevention                 
    • Activity: Provide training and technical assistance to Multi-Sector Task Force members regarding national plans, programs, and research to reduce violence against children.
    • Country Focus: PEPFAR Prioritized Countries: Malawi, Haiti. Uganda, Nigeria, Botswana, Rwanda, Zambia (under consideration). Other Countries: Cambodia, Indonesia. Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Guatemala (under consideration).
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of trainings conducted.                 
    • Time Frame: 2013-2015.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR prioritized countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. Budget for other countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. 
    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG), Displaced Children and Orphan’s Fund (DCOF)
    • Activity: Develop a network learning agenda with an active cadre of member organizations capable of assessment methodologies and identifying, quantifying, and understanding causes and consequences of child protection concerns in crisis situations.                                   
    • Country Focus: Indonesia, Liberia, Uganda.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries implementing child protection surveys and using these to inform national policy.                 
    • Time Frame: 2012-2014.
    • Budget: DCOF’s annual Fiscal Year budget in recent years has been approximately $13,000,000.

  • Encourage and support the development of in-country scientific advisory boards, including researchers, practitioners, and policy makers, to provide guidance and consultation regarding evidence-based practices; and foster in-country collaborations among researchers and monitoring and evaluation teams.

    • Department/Office: National Institutes of Health (NIMH)
    • Activity: Collaborative Hubs for International Research in Mental Health: This is a network of 4 centers -- two located in Africa, one in South Asia, and one in South America -- focused on research and research capacity-building in low- and middle-income countries. The research agenda is designed to increase access to mental health treatment for individuals, including children and adolescents in adversity, and to learn from the innovations developed in these low- and middle-income countries. Each Collaborative Hub involves several countries working together to (a) make mental health care more widely available through task shifting within their specific country contexts; and (b) build capacity to conduct future mental health research in country.                 
    • Country Focus: Africa, South Asia, South America.
    • Outcome/Indicator: The work of the Collaborative Hubs is monitored and assessed through a range of means, including annual progress reports, oversight by a Data and Safety Monitoring Board, review of study protocols by Institutional Review Boards, and presentation of study findings at conferences and in peer reviewed journals.  
    • Time Frame: 2011-2017.
    • Budget:
    • Department/Office: CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Division of Violence Prevention
    • Activity: Facilitate the creation and support the continued work of the VACS Multi-Sector Task Force providing guidance for use of evidence-informed practices; foster collaboration among researchers and M&E teams.
    • Country Focus: PEPFAR Prioritized Countries: Malawi, Haiti. Uganda, Nigeria, Botswana, Rwanda, Zambia (under consideration). Other Countries: Cambodia, Indonesia. Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Guatemala (under consideration).
    • Outcome/Indicator: Reduced prevalence of VAC/Reduced prevalence rates on follow-up VACS/Survey/VAC Survey.
    • Time Frame: 5 years after baseline.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR prioritized countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. Budget for other countries: CDC obligations for FY 2013 are not final. Specific funding levels are not yet known. 
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Strengthen national M&E systems and databases. Support national research plans, the implementation of independent research studies, rapid assessments, and the dissemination of  research findings.
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

  • Promote community participation, including children and families, in the design and implementation of child welfare and protection programs and systems.

    • Department/Office: DOL, International Labor Affairs Bureau (ILAB)
    • Activity: Grantees involve communities in the operation of child labor monitoring systems (CLMS). A CLMS involves the identification, referral, protection, and prevention of exploitive child labor through the development of a coordinated multi-sector monitoring and referral process that aims to cover all children living in a given geographical area.                 
    • Country Focus: DOL has 41 projects providing these services in 61 countries around the world.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of countries with increased capacity to address child labor.  This reflects each instance in which the CLMS or CLMS plan has been established and all stakeholders have formally agreed to support the CLMS plan and implementation.                  
    • Time Frame: Projects typically last 4 years, and no more than 5. Current projects were funded each year from FY 2008 to FY 2012 and will end from FY 2013 to FY 2017. Reporting: Semi-annually.
    • Budget: Current projects listed have been obligated.  DOL is currently planning the obligation of FY 2013 funds.
    • Department/Office: PEPFAR
    • Activity: Support the participation of community leaders and beneficiaries in the design, implementation, and evaluation of child welfare and protection activities, including focus groups, and Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) techniques
    • Country Focus: The actions will be tailored to fit country context and prioritization but the objectives are currently and will continue to be a part of PEPFAR programming in all PEPFAR countries with OVC portfolios. For PEPFAR priority countries see www.pepfar.gov.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Globally, PEPFAR programs report "the number of eligible adults and children provided with a minimum of one care service." The Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator is currently leading the development of a PEPFAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting Strategy and Operational Guidance that will likely result in changes to the existing M&E guidance, including the addition of several new indicators that will in large part be outcome indicators derived from the OVC Program Evaluation Toolkit. In addition to globally reported indicators, PEPFAR OVC programs are also guided by the PEPFAR Program Evaluation Toolkit which provides measurement of comprehensive child and caregiver well-being outcomes. The toolkit can be accessed at http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/our-work/ovc/ovc-program-evaluation-tool-kit.
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Budget for PEPFAR Ongoing Programming for all three of the above objectives is 10% of PEPFAR programming budget at country level (differs by fiscal year). Because PEPFAR programs and projects are integrated and comprehensive and address multiple objectives simultaneously, it is not possible to break the funding down by objective.

    • Department/Office: USAID, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA), Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
    • Activity: Support community-based child protection programs in humanitarian settings.                 
    • Country Focus: Due to the contingency nature of funding, OFDA cannot commit to implementation in specific countries.                 
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of community-based child protection programs supported, as measured by awards approved and partner reports.                 
    • Time Frame: Ongoing.
    • Budget: Due to the contingency nature of OFDA programs, OFDA cannot commit to specific countries.
    • Department/Office: USDA, McGovern-Dole Program
    • Activity: Increase knowledge, skills, and opportunities of community members and groups (including parents, PTAs, community leaders, community organizations, and the private sector) to directly support literacy, health, and nutrition practices.    
    • Country Focus: Currently active McGovern-Dole Program (list updated on October 1 of each year): Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Outcome/Indicator: Number of PTAs, School Management Committees, or other similar governance bodies contributing to their school as a result of USDA assistance.
    • Time Frame: Reports are provided biannually covering the periods: October 1 – March 31 and April 1 – September 30. The average McGovern-Dole grant is for a three-year period.                 
    • Budget: The average annual budget for the McGovern-Dole Program is $180 million. Grants provided under the McGovern‐Dole Program normally range from $9‐$30 million.

Footnotes

  1. Davis, R. (2009). Human capacity within child welfare systems: The social work workforce constraint in Africa. USAID, Washington, D.C.; See also USAID. (2009). The job that remains: An overview of USAID child welfare reform efforts in Europe and Eurasia. USAID, Washington, D.C.; See also Namibian Ministry of Gender Equity and Child Welfare. (2007). A human resources and capacity gap analysis: Improving child welfare services.

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